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The fight for the Finger Lakes: Why upstate New York is the battleground for America\'s energy future
There, big energy seems determined to turn heaven into a huge hydro-gas storage area, if not a parking lot.
But there is a way this song doesn\'t match the reality very well.
Mitchell famously wrote, \"you don\'t know what you get until it\'s gone, and it doesn\'t seem to always go.
\"As part of a growing global struggle between large energy and a movement focused on fossil creation --fuel-
Yet the future of freedom, the inhabitants of the Finger Lake seem to know what they have, and they are determined not to let it go.
So the local struggle for a company that is determined to introduce these fracking fuels is not only in the United States, but also around the world, in terms of protecting the planet, causing a mood of change, one place at a time if necessary.
It is hard to imagine a more picturesque, tranquil place, more idyllic garden than the Finger Lake District.
Every year, it attracts thousands of visitors to watch on Watkins Glen\'s waterfall, kayaking and canoeing in deep water, and dining on the farmto-
Dine at the restaurant and enjoy the hospitality of your stay and breakfast.
Lush vineyards rustling on trees
Last year, wine fever magazine awarded it the highest honor of \"one of the world\'s most dynamic and potential wine producing regions.
\"There are fruit and vegetable farms and sugar maple trees.
In 2013, maple syrup production in the state was second only to Vermont.
Eleven Finger Lakes are one of the wonders of the natural world.
Lake Seneca, 38 miles long, is the second longest.
2 trillion gallons of water provides drinking water for 100,000 people.
This is a warm home.
Water fish like small mouth bass and yellow bass.
Its deep water is the habitat of lake trout and salmon, and creates a unique micro-climate in the surrounding areas, not too cold in winter, not too warm in summer, making agriculture prosperous.
Many vineyards and vegetable farms in the Finger Lake may be inspired by the ecological wonders of their hometown, relying on sustainable production methods.
At the same time, wineries, hundreds of businesses and individual families have begun to shift from using fossil fuels to alternative energy sources.
Tompkins County, near Lake Seneca, even developed a solar project that sparked similar efforts in counties across the state.
A regional wind farm is scheduled to begin operation in 2016.
Clean and Green seems to be the ethos of the region, but all of this can change soon ---and soon.
The Battle of Lake Seneca is brewing a battle between the booming cleaning
The Energy Future embraced by the region, and the dirty energy that the planet has been running since the Industrial Revolution.
Over the past six years, Crestwood Midstream Partners, Texas
The Seneca-based company has been pushing to build a gas storage and transportation center for the northeast of the United States.
The company\'s statement boasted that it had opened a store \"on Marcellus Shale play\", a hot spot for fracking.
It plans to connect pipes that deliver two fracturing gases. -
Methane and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG )--
It may come from the Marcellus shale region in Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia.
These will be stored for a long time.
An abandoned salt cave, a relic of the 19 th century. century salt-
Mining, using the rest of the A-300million-year-
Used to be in the old ocean here.
Against the project, a disorganized coalition of farmers and wine dealers, doctors and lawyers, clean energy companies and reluctant people --it-
Activists who protect this ecological miracle.
Their goal is to guide the region towards fossils. fuel-
The future of freedom, despite the strong financial resources and corporate mindsof-
National Energy Corporation
Crestwood has already stored 1.
5 billion cubic feet of methane in the lake has just been approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and will increase by half
Billion cubic feet
In addition, Crestwood intends to store millions of barrels of two highly volatile liquefied petroleum gases, propane and benzene, in the cave.
While FERC has jurisdiction over the methane portion of the scheme, the Department of Conservation of New York state governs the LPG portion and its decision is pending.
Although scientists warn about the possible serious gas penetration or structural collapse of the salt cave, FERC approved the planned methane storage portion.
Crestwood\'s plan means
Large-scale industrialisation of the lake coast near Watkins Glen, including 14-
An acre of open air taken out of the cave after injecting gas to preserve salt water (salt oversaturated water; a 60-
Foot torch stack (gas burning device ); a six-
It can load and unload the track stations of 24 rail cars every 12 hours, each with 30,000 gallons of liquefied petroleum gas;
A warehouse of four to five and a half trucks.
The trailer is unloaded every hour.
Up to 32 railcars will pass 75-year-
The ancient trestle spans one of the country\'s natural wonders, theWatkins Glengorge, whose shale sides form steep columns, waterfalls and waterfalls.
The plan is full of waiting accidents.
For example, salt water penetration may make the lake water at some pointpotable.
(From 1964 to 1984, when propane was stored in two caves, the salinity of the Lake soared.
) This is only the first of many potential problems, including emissions of toxic and carcinogenic organic compounds from tanker and train accidents, explosions, compressor stations and other parts of the industrial complex, air pollution, and the impact of deforestation and pollution on the lives of local birds and animals.
Since the middle of the last century, 1,000 feet or more of the salt holes underground have been used for natural gas storage and have a tortuous history.
According to the documents of independent scientists and industry geologists, the analysis of Crestwood\'s plan in January 2015 found that between 1972 and 2012, 20 serious or extremely serious cases occurred in Salt hole storage facilities in the United States.
10 of them involved fires and explosions;
6. loss of life or serious injury;
8. evacuate 30 to 2,000 residents;
Serious or catastrophic property losses.
According to the report, if Crestwood\'s proposal is approved, the worst thing is --
Cases may include loss of life, loss of lakes as drinking water
Temporary or even permanent evacuation of local residents.
The editor of the report wrote: \"Most of the other regulated [Industries] that continue to be severe to extremely serious rates of facility accidents will be shut down or voluntarily stopped unless in wartime, rob McKenzie is a doctor and a researcher at the American School of Health Management.
The Seneca Lake caves where Crestwood plans to store LPG are also very unstable.
Ten years ago, an engineer concluded that in a small earthquake in the 1960 s, the roof collapsed and a block was blocked and abandoned.
It\'s not pebbles that fall from the top of the cave.
The rock weighs 400,000 tons, four times the size of the United States. S. S.
Aircraft carrier Nimitz.
Another cave is located below the rocky layer, which is intermittently collapsed and weakened by faults.
Still, Crestwood continues to plan to store 600,000 barrels of liquid propane in the first cave and 1 Cave.
The second is 5 million barrels. Geologist H. C.
Clark wrote a report on salt.
The vulnerability of the cave has made Arlington dall Storage, a subsidiary of FERC and Crestwood, \"an incredible mistake\" in advancing the project \".
Good struggles with local businesses, organizations and individuals who oppose the project have formed measures to stop the Crestwood program, although of the six townships around Lake Seneca, 23 cities and 5 are also against the project.
On April 2013, 12 demonstrators held a \"stand-off\"
Outside a fenced-up Crestwood site, he was arrested for trespassing.
\"My little peaceful intrusion is designed to prevent greater violence: the intrusion of hazardous chemicals into the air and water, and the intrusion of fracking infrastructure into our beloved Finger Lakes, local resistance leader, biologist, and writer Sandra steingram said.
\"All of us weigh 65% kilograms,\" she told protesters and reporters . \".
\"Lake Seneca is a source of drinking water for 100,000 people.
As a result, 100,000 people walked around Lake Senica.
That\'s their plasma, that\'s their cerebral spinal fluid, that\'s the breath they breathe out in the cold winter.
\"In view of this, Steingraber
Founder Dwe, Seneca Lake, is a loose affiliate of people who have been facilitating the blockade of citizens on the site.
All the protesters signed at the protest site and then recited a resistance oath at the protest site, summing up: \"I promise to protect Lake Seneca, which nourishes the vitality and fun of the surrounding communities;
To prevent damage and poisoning the water, air and food systems on which our community\'s safety, health and economic prosperity depend ---
And future generations. -all depend.
My persistent focus on community health and safety has forced me to do so.
\"The theme of the protest was: Elves and Santa Claus were blocked during 2014 Christmas;
Farm and Food blockades on January 2015, bringing \"foodies\", farmers, chefs, bakers, wineries, restaurant owners and recipe writers to the door of Crestwood;
A nation whose faith is blocked;
The other is in honor of Pete Seeger.
In May, I took part in a renewable energy blockade, which was attended by employees from the small company Renovus in Ithaca
Headquartered in renewable energy.
The president and staff of the company drew attention to their existing dozens of jobs, in stark contrast to the eight to ten jobs Crestwood said the storage project would create.
According to Sujata Gibson, more than 270 people have been arrested so far. Sujata Gibson is a lawyer and the staff is bonofor We Seneca Lake.
Many protesters were sentenced to 15-
Day provisions for trespassing, violation-
The seriousness of the crime in New York is not enough.
Will uverlin, founding secretary of the Ferge Lake Wine Business Alliance, was the first wine merchant to be arrested.
\"I didn\'t jump up for the arrest,\" he said . \".
\"This is the last resort that our elected officials have ever heard.
In the interests of the judiciary, the charges against 60 persons were dismissed, a provision of the New York criminal procedure law.
Gibson called the dismissal \"a huge victory \". . .
They were fired by four different judges in four different courts, a general recognition of the real need for justice in this case.
\"84 additional dismissal motions have been filed and are awaiting a decision.
On the website of We Are Seneca lake, hundreds of statements were made by demonstrators aged 19 to 90, including farmers, doctors, ministers, town councillors, pastry chefs and midwives, emphasize their opposition to fossil fuels and support the renewable energy world in the future.
68-wrote: \"masorat studio is a paradise for my creativityyear-
Old Barbara Peace in Ithaca is the owner of theMuskrat, where poetry, fine arts, photography and sculpture are sold at a \"reasonable price. ” Forty-four-year-
Old Sarah Ferguson wrote: \"My son Lucian is just six years old.
He is the future.
Fossil fuels are not the future.
I\'m a cancer survivor. I don\'t want to get sick again.
I have a boy to raise.
Sujata Gibson told me that \"dirty past or clean future\" is one of the exciting influences of the protests, \"they inspired our community, start looking for ways to achieve sustainable development without using fossil fuels.
For example, in 2013, nearby Madison County became the first municipal authority in New York State to launch solar energy project Solarize Madison, with 35 home solar facilities.
In the second year, inspired by Madison, Solarize Tompkins launched Solarize Tompkins in the southeast direction of the three Tomkins County towns--
Caroline, Danby and Dryden-
Educate residents about solar energy and help many of them turn off fossil fuels and use solar power to generate electricity.
The three towns had previously banned fracking within their jurisdiction.
(Such a town ban eventually convinced New York Governor Andrew Como to ban fracking in the state in December 2014.
Don Barber, Caroline\'s town director, said: \"What\'s really exciting is,\" [yes] in this project, the person opposite the fence about gas drilling [fracking] is on the same side of the fence.
\"In 2014, Solarize Tompkins Southeast company completed its work and set up a new organization, Solar Tompkins, to carry out the Solar energy campaign nationwide.
\"If you put the two projects together,\" said Jonathan Comstock, a gardening researcher at Cornell University and chairman of the board of Solar Tompkins, \"Our previous residential solar energy in this county was more than three times the original.
\"Most of the work of Solar Tompkins is to educate citizens nationwide.
Comstock notes that solar power is a new concept for most people.
\"Education, community engagement, [give] more confidence to people that this is something for everyone, not just the elite of the few. . .
Now, we hope that everyone who knows just going to solar energy should inspire themselves.
The process of education is permanent.
\"By January, solar panels had begun to be installed for 400 Tompkins homes, and competition among installers remained relatively low prices.
Solar Tompkins launched another project to install the ground-thermal intelligence Tompkinsand air-
Drive the heat gas booster pump. About three-
Part of the region\'s energy consumption is used for heating, mainly supplied by fossil fuels.
Heat pumps can be powered by fossil fuels or renewable energy, which Comstock calls \"super heat pumps\"efficient.
\"Operating with a small amount of electricity, they make it possible and practical to heat up with renewable energy,\" he said.
They are a big step on the road to zero. carbon homes.
Another regional renewable project to land is the Black Oak Wind Farm.
Local investors own the farm and no company is involved, Comstock said. Comstock himself is a shareholder of black oak.
At the state level, the New York Public Service Commission launched a project to reform the energy vision and promote more efficient use of energy, including wind and solar energy.
\"There\'s a lot of high-
Comstock said: \"The technical method of improving the grid function can effectively accommodate these intermittent forces, and I hope REV will do so.
A 2013 study by Mark Jacobson of Stanford University shows that renewable energy can meet 100% of New York\'s needs by 2030.
While this conversion may involve high initial costs, eliminating fossil fuels over time will make up for those costs far.
Jacobson commented in an email on the state\'s renewable energy development to date, particularly in the Finger Lakes region: \"I believe every step of installing wind, water and solar energy. . .
New York\'s energy is a step in the right direction to replace traditional fuels, which currently kills more than 3,000 premature air pollution each year and causes thousands of diseases in the state every year.
He added that the conversion of renewable energy \"will create more than 80,000 jobs in the state, higher than the cost\" and \"stabilize energy prices because the sun is zero because of the fuel cost of wind, water.
\"Despite the growing voices of these developments and objections, Crestwood\'s expanded methane storage plan continues to move forward, while the company is waiting for the decision of liquefied petroleum gas.
Meanwhile, other companies continue to build frackingininfrastructure (including pipelines and compressor stations) in the state ).
The fate of New York\'s renewable energy depends largely on the 2015 New York State Energy Program, which disappointed critics that the draft includes an increase in dependence on natural gas, this means natural gas fracturing in shale formations, as well as funding to support the infrastructure needed to increase gas consumption.
As economist Janette Barth wrote, \"it is foolish for New York state to encourage construction --
In the case of climate change coming, the natural gas infrastructure will last for 30 to 50 years, and the increase in the production and use of shale gas may adversely affect our environment and health, our economy in New York state.
There\'s a better fossil. fuel-
Free alternatives and [plans] should focus on the transition to this better fossil fuel --
Start the free energy system immediately.
\"Many residents of the Finger Lake are doing this: focusing on clean energy technologyof-
The national energy giant is trying to turn the tranquil coast of Lake Seneca into a fracking natural gas storage center.
It is a battle, and the result may send a signal of where the region, the country, and perhaps the country is heading.
\"We are in the middle of the climate crisis.
\"Wind and solar energy are finally starting to grow,\" said Sandra steingrab, an activist at Lake Seneca . \".
\"In a few years, if we say \'energy\', this idea from fossil fuels could be as crazy as we say \'telef\' and people think of electric typewriters.
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